The great ancient city of Ephesus was originally Greek, and later Roman.
It dates as far back as the 10th Century BC and as legends suggests. It was founded on the same place where the oracle of Delphi became reality.
During its highest popularity time, it is believed the population of Ephesus was over 250,000 making it one of the largest cities around the Mediterranean sea.
Importance of Ephesus Ancient City
It was also a large trading and shipping hub, however when the harbour silted and dried. It was the start of the demise of the ancient city. An estimated 20% of the ancient city is said to have been excavated, however the main sites contained within, enable the visitor to appreciate its grandeur.
The Library of Celsus, Great Amphitheatre, Gate of Augustus, Temples of Hadrian & Domitian, as well as the Odeon can all be seen at Ephesus ancient city. It was one of the seven churches of Asia region, and referenced in the Book of Revelations. The Gospel of John may have also been written here.
Originally, the ancient city was built by Greeks and later conquered by Roman Empire. For a long time it was the second largest city of Roman Empire after the Rome itself.